There is light, there is photography. Light decides the success of a photo. Regardless of the camera, from the camera to the phone, the photographer must pay attention to light, which identifies the source. It is important to choose the right light. If the camera depends on the lead of the user, understand and master it, then the light determines whether the photographer gets the desired image or not.
Light emanates from a light source. There are two types: natural light source and artificial light source.
- Natural light source is sunlight. The sun is a vast, intense and free natural light source.
- Artificial light is the light emanating from other sources. Man-made lights or reflectors.
Light is the key to the success of a photograph. Spotlight comes from a light source that influences the way the subject is photographed. Choosing the right light direction will show the intention and capture the subject is very important.
- You must determine the direction of light by observing its reflections and shadows. Capturing the same subject, fixing the location, changing the light direction varies, creating different color changes and identifying the subject.
There are three basic directions:
1. Forward light: The light source from the back of the camera, the same direction of the lens directly to the subject. This bright light covers the entire subject surface and a lot of users. This light has low contrast because the shadow of the object is hidden behind the subject, the camera does not recognize that part, but only the front light cover.
- Positive images achieve even color, but lack of dark areas contrast, so the image is less depth, not the block. The subject’s body is shining, the shadow pouring behind the subject.
2. Side light: A light source from one side in the 45 ° to 90 ° direction with subject from the lens direction and oblique angle to the ground. Incandescent light creates more shadows. High contrast horizontal light, the photographer is more difficult to handle, bright light, suitable for sunrise or sunset time, the picture is more impressive.
- Incandescent light on one side always highlights the shape of the object and shows the depth of the subject. Subject half-light half dark.
3. Backlight: the light source from the back of the subject. Contrast creates extremely high contrast, creates a direct shadow on the lens. This is the lightest direction to use, but the brightest direction is the most powerful and easy to create emotions for the viewer, if the photographer is in control. Avoid direct light on the lens, making it unobtrusive.
- You usually do not lose details of the brightness, backlight for dark details, or use the HDR technique, or the HDR shooting mode available on the phone to shoot effectively in adverse situations.
In fact, the photographer combines both natural and artificial light sources for the best effect when taking pictures. Natural light can be used to create a variety of effects, especially in portraiture. Studio light gives you the ability to control infinite lighting. Whatever the light source, the first step is to identify the light source and the light direction for the subject and the entire frame.